Friday, February 5, 2010

Hazrat Ali Hajveri Also Known As Data Ganj Bakhsh and Data Sahib - Spiritual Follower of Hazrat Abul Fazal Mohammad Khatli, in Junaidiya Sufi Order

The great poet Allama Iqbal RA mentioned:
“Fitrat key maqasad ki karta hey nigahbani
Ya benda e sehrai ya mard e kohistani.”

The personnel govern the objectives of nature,
One who is grown up in deserts (loneliness) or in mountains (strict on commitment)!

Abul Hassan Ali Ibn Usman Al-Jullabi Al-Hajvery Al-Ghaznawi or Abul Hassan Ali Hajvery (Arabic: علی بن عثمان الجلابی الهجویری الغزنوی‎) (sometimes spelled Hujwiri), also known as Data Ganj Bakhsh (Persian/Urdu: داتا گنج بخش ) or Data Sahib, was a Persian Sufi and scholar during the 11th century. He extensively contributed to the spreading of Islam in South Asia.

He was born in 400 A.H. in Ghazni (Afghanistan). He belonged to a Syed family (descendant of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him)). He completed his initial learning in Ghazni by memorizing the Holy Quran. Then he studied Arabic, Persian (Farsi), Hadith, Fiqh, Philosophy etc. At that time Ghazni was the centre of learning in Central Asia, and it was the empire of the famous Afghan ruler Sultan Mahmood Ghaznavi.

After finishing the worldly education, he started to search for the spiritual learning. In search for the spiritual education, he wandered many places, and ultimately became spiritual follower of Hazrat Abul Fazal Mohammad bin Khatli, in Junaidiya Sufi Order, who lived in Syria.

In Syria, Hazrat Ali Hajveri (Data Sahib) started his spiritual education under the supervision of Hazrat Abul Fazal, he slept less, ate less, and performed tough contemplations and meditation. After completing his spiritual training, he travelled to many countries and places like Iran, Iraq, Syria, Turkey, Arabia, Azerbaijan etc. There he came across many Sufi saints and dervishes.

Once he intertwined in a spiritual ambiguity and couldn’t solve it. Then he went to the Mazaar (tomb) of Hazrat Bayazid Bistami where he meditated for many days, until he finally solved that spiritual ambiguity. On another same type of occasion he couldn’t get any help from his long meditation at the tomb of Hazrat Bayazid Bistami; therefore, he left for Khurasan (A Province in Iran) and he stayed in a village, where he met a group of Sufi dervishes. Since Hazrat Ali Hajveri (Data Sahib) always wore simple and normal dress; so these Sufi dervishes thought that he was not one of them because they all were wearing specific dress of dervishes. Hazrat Ali Hajveri stayed with them; they ate delicious foods, and gave him a dry bread to eat. They also teased Hazrat Ali Hajveri by throwing crusts of fruits on him. Hazrat Ali Hazjveri addressed God: "O
God! If these people wouldn't be wearing the clothes of your friends
(dervishes), then I wouldn't tolerate their insulting behavior."

During the journey to Syria, he visited the tomb of the great Companion of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him), Hazrat Bilal (May Allah be pleased with him). There he slept for a while and found himself in Makkah, where he saw the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him) with an old man. He didn't recognize him and thought who he could be? Then Hazrat Ali Hajveri fell on the feet of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him) and kissed them. The Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him) knew what Hazrat Ali Hajveri had in his mind, so He (P.B.U.H) told Ali Hajveri "This old man is Abu Hanifa, your Imam."

Later his spiritual teacher Hazrat Abul Fazal ordered him to go to Lahore to convey the spiritual teachings of Islam. He said, "Hazrat Shah Hussain Zanjani is already there for this purpose, so then why should I go to there? Hazrat Abul Fazal said, "It's none of your business, just go to Lahore." So he left Syria and came to Ghazni. From Ghazni he went to Peshawar and then to Lahore, in 1041 A.D (431 A.H). When he reached Lahore, he saw that people are taking a coffin towards the graveyard for burial. He asked who he is. People replied that it is the dead body of Hazrat Shah Hussain Zanjani. After hearing that, he understood why his teacher Hazrat Abul Fazal sent him to Lahore. After reaching to Lahore, he started to preach Islam and built a mosque there.

At that time Lahore was included in the Ghazni Kingdom, whose ruler was Sultan Mahmood Ghaznavi. And the governer of Lahore was Ra'e Raju, who was a Hindu and had many great magical skills. People of Lahore were used to supply milk to Ra'e Raju in big quantity, as a capitation. Once an old woman was on her way to pass before Hazrat Ali Hajveri, holding a pitcher poured with milk. Hazrat Ali Hajveri asked her to give him some milk from that. The woman refused and said that she has to give it to Ra'e Raju. Hazrat Ali Hajveri said: "Give some milk to me; by the grace of God, your cow will produce much more milk than usual". The woman gave him the pot; Hazrat Ali Hajveri drank some milk, and then threw the remaining into the river. The old woman when went to her home, she was surprised to see the breasts of her cow were full of milk again. She poured all of her pots from milk, but still the cow's breasts were full. Soon this news spread all around the Lahore, and people started to visit Hazrat Ali Hajveri, and all people brought milk for him, and he also drank some milk from their pots and then threw the remaining into the river, and all of their cows started to produce more milk. So they stopped to supply milk to Ra'e Raju.

Later Ra'e Raju sent one of his disciples to Hazrat Ali Hajveri, as his disciples also had mystical abilities. That disciple didn't come back, so Ra'e Raju sent another disciple, who also didn't come back. In that way, he sent all of his disciples, but no one came back at all. Finally he himself went to Hazrat Ali Hajveri, in anger. Ra'e Raju challenged Hazrat Ali Hajveri to show him any miracle. Hazrat Ali Hajveri replied: "I'm not a juggler." But Ra'e Raju tried to impress him with his miracles, and started flying in the air; Hazrat Ali Hajveri ordered his shoes to bring him down. So the shoes of Hazrat Ali Hajveri went to the flying Ra'e Raju and started to strike on his head to bring him down. Ra'e Raju was inspired and embraced Islam on his hands. After accepting Islam he changed his name as Shaikh Ahmed Hindi.

When Hazrat Ali Hajveri built a mosque in Lahore, that mosque's front was towards south, and differed from all other mosques of Lahore. So there became a doubt that this mosque's front isn't towards Kaa'ba. The Scholars of Lahore objected over that mosque, but Hazrat Ali Hajveri didn't reply them. When the mosque was built completely, he invited all scholars of Lahore & said to them: "You objected over this mosque's Ka'ba direction, now look by yourself in which direction Ka'ba actually is!" When they looked at the front, they saw Kaa'ba, as they are sitting before Kaa'ba in Makka. All scholars felt ashamed after watching that reality and apologized.

Hazrat Ali Hajveri also built a room adjoining to that mosque, and used that room as Khanqa (Spiritual School). Many unbelievers accepted Islam on his hands; many people touched the higher stages of spirituality under his guidance. He married twice, but both of his wives died soon after marriage. He had a son, named "Hasan".

He stayed in Lahore for 21 years, and then went to Syria to see his
spiritual teacher Hazrat Abul Fazal. He again came back to Lahore after the death of Hazrat Abul Fazal in 453 A.H.

Hazrat Ali Hajveri wrote many books, some of his books are: Diwan-e-She'r; Minhajuddin; Al-Bayan Lahal- Al-Ayan; Israrul Kharq Wal-Mauniyat; Behrul Quloob; Kitab Fana Wa Baqa; Birri'ayat Be-Huqooq-Ullah; Kashful Israr;Sharah-e-Kalam; and Kashful Mahjub.

He died at the age of 65 in 465 A.H., in Lahore.

When Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti came to Lahore in 561 A.H (1165 AD), he stayed at the tomb of Hazrat Ali Hajveri for two weeks, where he meditated. And when he finished his meditation, he said a couplet in Farsi:

Ganj Bukhsh Faiz-e-Alam; Mazhar-e-Noor- e-Khuda
Naqisa-ra Pir-e-Kamil; Kamila-ra Rahnuma


Ganj Buskh (Bestower of Spiritual Treasures) is a grace to the world; amanifester of God's light.
A perfect spiritual teacher for the beginners; a guide for perfected.

No comments:

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...