Sunday, August 15, 2010

August 14, 2010 - - HAPPY INDEPENDENCE DAY!!!

August 14, 2010 - - HAPPY INDEPENDENCE DAY!!!

Pakistan is one of the biggest Muslim states in the world today. The country emerged out of the Indian sub-continent in the world map of 1947. The word ‘Pakistan’ has been coined from the names of those regions that make up this nation of Punjab, Afgan Border States, Kashmir, Sindh and Baluchistan and even after 1947, Pakistan remained as authority for nine years.

independence day1

14th August is a common date like other dates of English calendar for nations but for Pakistani nation, this date is considered the most remarkable day in the history of Pakistan. Pakistan came into being on 14th August according to English calendar while according to Islamic calendar; it was 27th of Ramadan when Allah blessed Muslims with the pious homeland. 27th Ramadan has religious importance as the revelation of Holy Quran on Holy Prophet {P.B.U.H.} finished this month.

independence day

The well known people like Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Allama Iqbal and Sir Syed Ahmad Khan are always written in golden words in the history of Pakistan. Muhammad Ali Jinnah also known as Quaid-e-Azam is the real founder of Pakistan. Allama Iqbal, who excited Muslims to earn their own nationality and name in the world. Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, who brought Muslim nation forward and established schools and colleges for Muslims so that they may come to know how to fulfill the latest demands of the advance age, We must celebrate 14th August as it is our independence day.

14 August is a National holiday of Pakistan in which the capital Islamabad and other major cities of Pakistan like the Government Offices are lit up as well as all the larger skyscrapers. Flag hoisting ceremonies and cultural programs take place in all the provincial capitals. In the cities around the country the Flag Hoisting Ceremony is done by the Nazim (Mayor) belonging to that constituency.

independence day2

Many school and college of this country organize the 14th August function in which in this event scouts raise the flag and sing this country’s National Anthem called PAK SAR ZAMEEN and then they move on to celebrate some cultural activities. Even students become very generous when they collect money from their various classes and donate it to all the poor and needy people of this country. Families and friends celebrate these occasions with wonderful lunch and dinner and also celebrate their small parties among them selves. Some small children celebrate themselves with the flag decorating and chant the national slogan called PAKISTAN ZINDABAD.

Saturday, August 14, 2010

Ramadan Kareem: The Holy Month of Ramadan and Its Blessings

Ramadan Kareem

Every year, Muslims all over the world observe a month-long fast during the 9th month of the Islamic calendar: Ramadan, also known as Ramadhan or Ramazan.

All Muslims fast from first light until sundown, abstaining from food and drink. Those who are sick, elderly, or on a journey, and women who are pregnant or nursing are exempted to break the fast and make up an equal number of days later in the year. If they are physically unable to do this, they must feed a needy person for every day missed. The fasting during Ramadan is regarded principally as a method of self purification. By cutting oneself off from worldly comforts, even for a short time, a fasting person gains true sympathy with those who go hungry as well as growth in one's spiritual life.

Muslims believe that this month is filled with blessings, and it is appropriate to wish well, everyone who’s observing it, at the beginning of the month. While friendly words in any language are welcome, there are some traditional or common Arabic greetings that one may use or come across:

  • "Ramadan Kareem!" ("Noble (or Generous) Ramadan!")
  • "Ramadan Mubarak!" ("Blessed Ramadan!")

At the end of the month, Muslims observe a holiday called Eid ul-Fitr (the Festival of Fast-Breaking).

Holy Qur’an describes this months as:

[2:185] "Ramadan is the month during which the Quran was revealed, providing guidance for the people, clear teachings, and the statute book. Those of you who witness this month shall fast therein. Those who are ill or traveling may substitute the same number of other days. GOD wishes for you convenience, not hardship, that you may fulfill your obligations, and to glorify GOD for guiding you, and to express your appreciation."

In fact, many regard it as the holiest time of the Muslim year. The principle outward characteristic of Ramadan is that Muslims are expected to fast all day, every day. Traditionally the times of fast are marked as whenever a white thread can be distinguished from a black thread. Once those threads can no longer told apart, eating is permitted.

Fasting during Ramadan is considered one of the Five Pillars, meaning it is one of the five most basic beliefs/acts which a Muslim has to do. However, it's not accurate to say that everyone simply goes without food or water - there are quite a few rules which apply to it. For one thing, a Muslim must consciously formulate the intention to fast as part of a rite. This is to prevent fasting from becoming an empty symbol which people don't give much thought to. The full formulation reads: "to fast tomorrow to acquit my duty towards God of fasting Ramadan this year."

There are all sorts of ways in which a person can legitimately be exempted from fasting:

Young Children
People in poor health
Pregnant women
Nursing women
Menstruating women
Travellers, if the distance travelled is great
If one feeds thirty poor people each day

The status of children is actually mixed. The youngest are not expected to fast, but as they get older they gradually begin fasting for more and more of the day until they are able to go the entire day without food or water without endangering one's health.

Although travellers and menstruating women can be exempted from fasting, they are nevertheless expected to make up the same number of missed days some time later in the year after Ramadan. Thus, they fast the same number of days as everyone else, but not at the same time.

Feeding thirty poor people each day is a technical excuse for avoiding the fast which everyone must observe, but it is rare for a rich person to actually use this exemption. It would be looked up very, very badly by the rest of the community and the rich person would probably lose much too much respect for it to be worthwhile.


There are also a number of things which would not otherwise qualify as food, but which are also prohibited:

Putting drops in the eyes
Saliva leaving the mouth and then re-entering
Listening to music
Harsh words/arguments

The theological reason for abstaining from food, water and other things is to better learn the nature of personal limitation. It is believed that knowledge cannot be acquired unless a person can first learn his or her limits - then, and only then, can the true nature of something become evident. Muslims also believe that fasting during Ramadan allows them to purify themselves through a kind of sacrifice.

Because the Muslim calendar is lunar rather than solar, the month of Ramadan moves through the year. Thus, sometimes if falls during the winter when the days are shorter and fasting is easier but other times it falls during the summer when the days are longer and fasting is more difficult.

After the sun sets, Muslims break their fast first with a small meal and then, often, a larger meal later on in the evening. It is also common for Muslims to take a meal early in the morning before dawn, a meal known as suhur. There are musicians and others who volunteer to walk through town to wake people for this early meal.

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