Monday, August 29, 2011

Eid-ul-Fitr 2011 (Eid al-Fitr 1432 AH) - - Will it be on same day as in Saudi Arabia..??

Eid ul-Fitr is one of the most significant festivals among the Muslims. It marks the end of the month of Ramazan also known as Ramadan, the month of fasting. In Arabic language Eid means festivity. Eid ul-Fitr means Festival of Breaking the Fast. This festival falls on the first day of the month of Shawwal, which is the tenth month according to the Islamic Calendar. 

Eid Mubarak: Eid ul-Fitr Likely on Wednesday (August 31)

If not impossible then it is very rare that majority of the Muslims across the globe celebrating Eid ul-Fitr on the same day and this rarity is just about to happen this year.

Reportedly, astronomical data hints that there is a possibility for sighting the new moon of Shawwal, 1432 AH in Pakistan on the evening of August 30, stated Pakistan Meteorological Office. 

On the other hand; the Islamic Crescent Observation Project (ICOP) is expecting that Eid-ul-Fitr this year will be celebrated in most of the Muslim countries on August 31 (Wednesday), a UAE-based newspaper reported. Although ICOP excluded few Muslim countries from this assumption based on the starting of Ramadan in these countries on August 1, including some countries in the Middle East, north and central Asia and northern Africa; but even then most of the Muslims will be celebrating Eid ul-Fitr on the same day, Wednesday (August 31).  

The basis of this conclusion is mentioned as the relatively shorter period of sighting the moon in most of the Muslim countries on August 29. 

According to Pakistan Met office the weather will be clear in most parts of the country on Tuesday (August 30) evening with only partially cloudy southern parts; therefore, the moon can be sighted on Tuesday (August 30) resulting in Eid ul-Fitr falling on Wednesday (August 31).

Saturday, August 27, 2011

Chand Raat 2011: A Festival Night before Eid-ul-Fitr - Shopping, Bangles, Mehndi, Fun and Celebrations

For Muslims across the globe, Eid-ul-Fitr, or Meethi (Sweet) Eid as it is known in Pakistan and India, is one of the favourite celebrations of the Muslim calendar.

1st Shawwal: Muslims Mark the End of Holy Ramadan and Celebrate Eid-ul-Fitr
Eid-ul-Fitr, is a Muslim holiday that marks the end of the holy month of Ramadan, the Islamic month of fasting. Eid is an Arabic word meaning “festivity”, while Fitr means “charity” and so the holiday symbolises the breaking of the fasting period. It is celebrated starting on the first day of the Islamic month of Shawwal.

New Dresses, Matching Shoes, Mehndi (Henna), Bangles (Churiyan) All Are Part of Eid and Chand Raat Festivities

Festival before Eid-ul-Fitr – Chand Raat:

'Chand Raat' is considered to be the eve of Eid Moon or the night of the sighting of the new moon. The term Chand Raat refers to the evening on which first lunar crescent of the month of Shawwal is sighted. Chand Raat (pre-Eid night) is celebrated as a very special occasion by Muslims all over the world.

Chand Raat: A Festival Night Before Eid-ul-Fitr
Chand Raat (pre-Eid night) is a multicultural Islamic celebration/event. Chand Raat which means 'night of the moon ' in the Urdu language marks the end of Ramadan and the start of month of Shawwal and Eid-ul-Fitr falls on 1st of Shawwal (10th month of Islamic/lunar calendar).

Activities and Celebrations on Chand Raat:

Chand Raat activities and festivities start with the first sighting of the moon. Children, adults, young, old, ladies and gents all celebrate the Eid moon sighting with passion and zeal. 

Wish Each Other Chand Raat Mubarak
As children we used to wait for the sighting of the moon and the announcement after it was seen. What a frenzy when all the family members would be on the roofs of their houses to see the new crescent emerge once the last fast (or 'Roza' in Urdi and ‘Soam’ in Arabic) had been finished with dates, cold drink and 'pakoras' and samosas. Every body without any age limit, full of enthusiasm, wishes each other Chand mubarak or Eid ka Chand mubarak .

"Chand Raat" ... Markets and Bazaars:
On this special night, City streets, markets, shopping malls gives a look of a festival. They are decorated very brightly. Markets and shopping malls remain open till late night. 

Chand Raat: Bazaars and markets will remain open almost all the night

This is the eve on which gifts are exchanged among friends, family and loved ones. People wear their best dresses to celebrate and enjoy this eve. Parents try their best to get the best clothes and Eid gifts for their children so that they can enjoy the full excitement of Eid day.

"Chand Raat" ... And Bangles (Churiyan):

Chand Raat: Every female wants beautiful  bangles matching with dress and shoes
Woman always inclined towards jewellery on special occasions like Eid and hardly imagine about Eid celebration without jewellery and makeup. Colourful and Bright Churiyan (bangles) lit the whole market with its beauty and vibrant colours. 

Chand Raat: Ladies concentrate on matching jewellery and accessories
People from all age groups can be seen in the markets buying Bangles for themselves or their loved ones. The tradition of buying bangles for Eid on the “Chand Raat” (The night before Eid) is still a much practiced Eid ritual.

Chand Raat: A night with colors and brightness visible in eyes
The young girls would take to the markets on the night before Eid where they would buy colourful bangles and specially prepared ‘bangle sets’ to be worn on Eid Day. Bangles have been an integral part of a women’s life since her childhood in the subcontinent.

"Chand Raat" ... And Mehndi (Henna):

Chand Raat: Celebrations are incomplete without Mehndi (Henna)
Shiny bangles, jewellery, bright clothes with matching footwear are part and parcel of the Eid festivities but applying glittering henna on hands and feet bring real fun for the young girls on “Chand Raat”.

Chand Raat: Beautiful Mehndi designs are made on hands and feet
Now the henna tattoos are also available in markets and are easy to paste on hands and feet and can be removed easily. The young girls admire henna tattoos associated with celebrations of Eid specifically.

Sunday, August 14, 2011

Pakistan Zindabad (August 14, 2011) 64th Anniversary - - Was Pakistan really inevitable?

Some people still question, “Was Pakistan really inevitable?” 

Why was Pakistan really inevitable...

Yes, it was really inevitable because the moment Pakistan came into existence oppressed Muslims of the South Asia got a place, where they could live freely and mould their lives in accordance with the principles of Quran and Sunnah.

If Pakistan had not been created, the Muslims in India would have remained there as a nameless nation or a religious minority. Pakistan is a great gift of Allah, which came into being on 27th Ramzan-ul-Mubarak, Yaum-al-Juma (Friday, 27th of Ramadan), so that the Muslims should bow before Allah for this great favour of a sovereign state.

Quaid-e-Azam said, on the occasion of Independence Day, in his message to the nation, "It is with the feelings of the greatest happiness and emotion that I send you my greetings. August 14 is the birthday of the independent and sovereign state of Pakistan. It marks the fulfilment of the destiny of the Muslim nation which made great sacrifices in the past few years to have its homeland." 

He added: "Today is Jumma-tul-wida, last Friday of the Holy month of Ramazan, a day of rejoicing for all of us wherever we may be in this vast Sub-continent and for the matter of that throughout the world. Let the Muslim congregations in their thousands, in all the mosques, bow in all humility before the Allah Almighty and thank Him of His eternal kindness and generosity seeking His guidance and assistance in the task of making Pakistan to a great state and themselves into its worthy citizens".

"Finally, let me tell you, fellow citizens, Pakistan is a land of great potential resources. But to build it up into a country worthy of the Muslim nation we shall require every once of energy that we possess and I am confident that it will come from all whole-heartedly. Pakistan Zindabad".

Monday, August 8, 2011

August 9, 1947 - Quaid-e-Azam Addressed the Participants of Dinner Party Given by Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah at Karachi Club

Quaid-e-Azam addressed the participants at the dinner party given by Mr Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah at the Karachi Club on August 9, 1947.

Quaid-e-Azam Addressing at the Dinner Party Given by Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah, governor designate of Sindh

Quaid-e-Azam proudly revealed saying, “Yes, I am Karachi-born, and it was the sands of Karachi that I played marbles in my boyhood, I was schooled at Karachi”.

He further added, “Let us judge by results, not by theories. With the help of every section – I see that every class is represented in this huge gathering – let us work in double shift, if necessary, to make the sovereign State of Pakistan really happy, relly united and really powerful”.

At the end of his address, Quaid-e-Azam acknowledged the help and assistance he got from his younger sister Fatima Jinnah. He said, “Miss Fatima Jinnah is a constant source of help and encouragement for me. In the days when I was expecting to be taken as aprisioner by the British Government, it was my sister who encouraged me, and said hopeful things when revolution was starting me in the face. Her constant care is about my health”

Sunday, August 7, 2011

Tehrik-e-Pakistan: Just a Week Before Pakistan came into Existence as on August 8, 1947

Quaid-i-Azam, Liaquat Ali Khan and Nawab Muhammad Iftikhar Hussain Khan of Mamdot at the Lahore Session, March 1940

A week before Pakistan came into being, in a letter dated August 8, 1947 to Sir Zafrullah Khan by the then President of the Punjab Muslim League Mr. Iftikhar Hussain Khan, Nawab of Mamdot wrote:

"Now that the Boundary Commission has concluded its hearings. I wish to express deep sense of gratitude which I and all other Muslims of Punjab feel towards you. Your unremitting toil in collection of material, your brilliant presentation of our case and your profound interpretation of law and history have won universal admiration. In this most critical hour of our history you have rendered an inestimable service to the Millat and created a lasting place in the hearts of all Muslims. We can never forget how willingly you agreed to interrupt your important discussions in London, and to return and fulfil this private mission. The knowledge that your zeal was inspired solely by your love for Islam fill our hearts with pride and gratitude."

Saturday, August 6, 2011

Pakistan Independence Day (August 14, 2011) - - Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah's Message on Auggust 7, 1947

Message of Founder of Pakistan Muhammad Ali Jinnah on August 7, 1947

Quaid-e-Azam, Muhammad Ali Jinnah on the eve of his departure for Karachi said on August 7, 1947.

Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah's Message on Auggust 7, 1947

“I am grateful to all our friends and those who have sent me their kind messages of greetings and good wishes on the establishment of Pakistan.

I bid farewell to the citizens of Delhi, amongst whom I have many friends of all communities and I earnestly appeal to everyone to live in this great and historic city with peace. The past must be buried and let us start afresh as two independent sovereign States of Hindustan and Pakistan. I wish Hindustan prosperity and peace”. When the Quaid entered the Government House, Karachi, while going upstairs he spoke to his Naval A.D.C. Mr. Syed M. Ahsan, “I did not hope to get Pakistan in my life. We should be thankful to God for whatever we have achieved”.

Monday, August 1, 2011

Ramzan (Ramadan) 2011: Starting Tomorrow (Tuesday/August 2, 2011) - Scientific and Medical Prespective of Ramadan Fasting

Ramadan Fasting : Scientific Perspective

The Holy month of Ramadan (Ramzan) Starting from tomorrow (Tuesday/02 August 2011). I wish Happy Ramadan to all of the Muslims in the world and wish the holy month full of peace and serenity.

The Holy Month of Ramzan (Ramadan) Starting Tomorrow

Ramadan is the ninth month in the Islamic calendar. The word Ramadan meant "great heat" as this occurred in the pre-Islamic solar calendar. Fasting in this month is one of the Five Pillars of Islam.

We read in the Qur'an: ....the month of Ramadan, wherein the Qur'an was sent down to be a guidance to the people, and as clear signs of the Guidance and the Salvation. So let those of you, who are present at the month, fast it; and if any of you be sick, or if he be on a journey, then a number of other days; Allah desires ease for you, and desires not hardship for you; and that you fulfill the number, and magnify Allah that He has guided you, and perchance you will be thankful. (Surah Baqara, 2: 185)

One can ask what are the benefits of fasting?

People have fast for health reasons. Scientists have studied the effects of fasting on the body and found that the intake of food increases the body's metabolism. After fasting, metabolism can become as much as 22 per cent lower than the normal rate. But research also has shown that after long periods of fasting, the body tends to adjust itself by lowering the rate of metabolism itself. After fasting, a person should gradually resume eating.

In some studies performed on fasting Muslims and Muslimah, it was observed that there was a slight loss of weight both in the males and the females. Their blood glucose levels increased significantly. Other parameters such as blood levels of cortisol, testosterone, Na, K, urea, total cholesterol, HDL (high density lipoprotein), LDL (low density lipoprotein), TG (triglycerides) and serum osmolality did not show notable variations.

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